Day 1 :
University of California, USA
Time : 09:00-09:35
Richard M. Scheffler is Distinguished Professor of Health Economics and Public Policy at the School of Public Health and the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley. He also holds the Chair in Healthcare Markets and Consumer Welfare endowed by the Office of the Attorney General for the State of California. Scheffler is director of the Global Center for Health Economics and Policy Research. He has been a visiting professor at the London School of Economics, Charles University in Prague, at the Department of Economics at the University of Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona and at Carlos III University of Madrid, Spain. Scheffler has been a visiting scholar at the World Bank, the Rockefeller Foundation in Bellagio, and the Institute of Medicine at the National Academy of Sciences. He has been a consultant for the World Bank, the WHO, and the OECD. Scheffler has been a Fulbright Scholar at Pontifica Universidad Catolica de Chile in Santiago, Chile, and at Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. He was also awarded the Chair of Excellence Award at the Carlos III University of Madrid in 2013. In 2015 Scheffler was awarded the Gold Medal for Charles University in Prague for his longstanding and continued support of international scientific and educational collaboration.
A health workforce of adequate size and skills is critical to the attainment of any population health goal. However, countries at all levels of socioeconomic development face, to varying degrees, difficulties in the education and training, deployment, retention, and performance of their health workforce. The growing demand for health workers is forecasted to add an estimated 40 million health sector jobs to the global economy by 2030 in 165 countries with sufficient data to develop projections. The employment and economic growth potential of the health economy is even greater than this projection, presenting opportunities which benefit youth and women in particular. Most of these jobs, however, will be in upper-middle and high-income countries, with demand fuelled by rising incomes and ageing populations.
San Francisco State University, USA
Keynote: The Affordable Care Act Of 2010 And The Emerging Models Of Healthcare Delivery: The Critical Role Of Health Economist In Assessing The Economic Benefits And Costs Of Implementing The Delivery Models In The United States
Time : 09:35-10:10
Sudip Chattopadhyay is the professor and past chairman of the Economics Department at San Francisco State University (SFSU). He obtained his Ph. D. in Economics in 1997 from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He has been on the SFSU Economics faculty since 1999.His works have been extensively cited and some of them have been reprinted in special volumes for their enduring quality. Currently, He is serving as an ORISE Fellow at the federal office of Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to establish a research agenda focusing on healthcare workforce.
The landscape of healthcare delivery in the United States is changing at a rapid pace with the introduction of The Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA). The new insurance exchange marketplace is expected to provide over 25 million uninsured with a low-cost coverage. ACA’s extension of eligibility for Medicaid to adults with incomes less than 138% of the federal poverty level has enabled states to cover an additional 13 million people through Medicaid expansion. The sizable expansion of the potential patient base has called for new and innovative approaches to healthcare delivery – approaches that are focused on cost reduction coupled with increased access to high-quality care. A cost-efficient care delivery approach requires building a solid provider workforce to specifically meet the ambulatory and primary care needs of the population and to avoid preventable hospitalizations and expensive emergency visits. Improved communications - through health information technology - across a wider spectrum of provider types and between patients and providers, effective implementation of a multitude of delivery models, such as the patient-centred medical home model, nurse-managed health centre model, and team-based approach to care coordination are some of the key initiatives under consideration as possible candidates for future mode of cost-efficient delivery. The new models, however, are sustainable if and only if they pass the economic cost-benefit tests as per the guidelines prescribed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Health economists, with training and experience in evaluating the economic impacts of these initiatives, can play a critically important role in helping policymakers with appropriate policy prescriptions that have economy-wide implications.