2nd World Congress on Health Economics Policy & Outcomes Research
Independent Hospital Pricing Authority | Australia
Title: Pricing and funding for safety and quality, to avoid unnecessary and unsafe care
Biography: Sarah Neville
In 2016 all Australian governments signed a Heads of Agreement that committed to improve Australians’ health outcomes and decrease avoidable demand for public hospital services through a series of reforms including the development and implementation of funding and pricing approaches for safety and quality.
Subsequently, the Independent Hospital Pricing Authority (IHPA) was directed to advise on options for a comprehensive and risk adjusted model to determine how funding and pricing could be used to improve patient outcomes across three key areas: sentinel events, hospital acquired complications (HACs) and avoidable hospital readmissions.
HACs are complications which occur during a hospital stay and for which clinical risk mitigation strategies may reduce the risk of their occurrence. Identification of most HACs is dependent upon the use of the Condition Onset Flag (COF). The COF is used to indicate whether a diagnosis was present on admission or hospital or occurred during an episode of care. HACs are defined using the criteria of preventability, patient impact (severity), health service impact and clinical priority. The list of HACs is available at https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au.
Currently, IHPA has recommended that all HACs across every hospital face a reduced funding level to reflect the extra cost of a hospital admission with a HAC, including an approach for risk adjustment based on a patient’s complexity. Under this option, the magnitude of the reduction would vary for each HAC.
This talk will focus on the construction and application of the risk adjustment model for the pricing and funding of HACs.